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LINX appoints three Executives to its Board of Directors following extensive governance review

By | LINX News

The London Internet Exchange (LINX) have announced the appointment of three executive directors from its senior management team to the LINX Board. Joining the chairman, six elected non-executive directors and LINX CEO, John Souter, on the Board are Chief Marketing Officer Kurt Erik Lindqvist, Head of Public Affairs Malcolm Hutty, and Chief Technical Officer Richard Petrie,

Kurt Erik Lindqvist

Chief Marketing Officer & Director

Kurt Erik “Kurtis” Lindqvist has a broad background in engineering and business development of ISP and worldwide carrier networks. He has spent the past 20 years working actively in the Internet community in several varied roles.

From 2002 to 2015 he was the CEO of Netnod. Kurt Erik has been the chairman of Euro-IX since 2003. He is also a dedicated WG Chair for RIPE where he has serve d as NCC-Services WG Chair since 2004. He is a regular and appreciated speaker at several International Internet conferences such as RIPE, APRICOT and Nanog.

Previously Kurt Erik has chaired the Multi6, shim6 and v6ops WGs in the IETF. He is also the co-author of two RFCs. Kurt Erik has served as a member of the Internet Architecture Board between 2005-2009.

Over the years Kurt Erik has participated actively in the development, standardisation and deployment of IPv6 in the IETF and various other operational forums. In addition Kurt Erik served as an adviser to the Swedish Minister of Information Technology and Energy cooperating with Anna-Karin Hatt and the Swedish Minister of foreign affairs, Carl Bildt.

Kurt Erik joined the LINX Board as an Executive Director in May 2018.

Malcolm Hutty

Head of Public Affairs & Director

Malcolm’s role involves liaising with government and regulatory authorities on behalf of the LINX membership, representing the interests of members to government and briefing members on regulatory developments.

Malcolm acts as Regulatory Affairs spokesman for Euro-IX, the European association of Internet Exchanges. He is a director of ISPA UK, and a member of a number of organisations relating to Internet regulation. He has acted as an expert witness in ground-breaking court cases concerning network blocking in the UK (the Newzbin2 case, BT’s challenge to the Digital Economy Act) and Ireland (EMI v Eircom), and has testified to Select Committee hearings of both the UK House of Commons and the House of Lords.

Malcolm has previously served as Chair of the Network Security Information Exchange, a Director of the Internet Watch Foundation and as an elected member of the Nominet Policy Advisory Board. From 2008-2013 he served as President of EuroISPA, the pan-European organisation of membership associations representing the interests of Internet Service Providers.

Malcolm joined the LINX Board as an Executive Director in May 2018.

Richard Petrie

Chief Technical Officer & Director

Richard has been with LINX since 2014, running the technology group, responsible for all of LINX’s exchanges across the UK and in North America.

Previously, Richard has held senior operations and engineering positions with service providers, Colt Technology and IPC Network Services as well as within financial services companies such as Bloomberg and BGC Partners. He has over fifteen years experience in delivering high volume, low latency and agile network solutions.

Richard joined the LINX Board as an Executive Director in May 2018.

The decision follows a thorough governance review process and the appointment of Murray Steele as LINX’s first independent Chairman in 2015. Proposals for changes for the LINX Board structure were initially put to the membership at the EGM at LINX95 in November 2016. These covered the change of name from LINX Council to LINX Board, term limits, and changes to the voting process of non-executive directors. Also proposed was an extended representation of LINX at an executive level.

Murray Steele said:

“At every stage this has been an open, democratic and transparent process and we have made every effort to consult thoroughly with members via all the available channels. We had to get this right and when the proposed changes to LINX’s Memorandum & Articles of Association were put to the vote in November 2017 they were formally approved.”

According to the UK Governance Code: “A good Board has effective representation of the executive body” and the new structure does just that. In addition, the inclusion of internal senior staff on the Board provides for future succession planning and helps with the development of potential future leadership.

Murray continued:

“The addition of these three new executive Board positions creates a forum for more engagement between LINX and its non-executive directors. They will also provide a functional perspective of the management team who oversee the day-to-day running of the exchange.”

“The procedures now in place fit well with good governance practices and helps us best represent what the membership expects of us. I am confident that we now have a structure in place which reflects the needs of LINX not only in 2018 but also well into the future.”

The Executive Board appointments came into effect on Friday 18th May 2018, and were first announced to members at LINX101 member conference at the Park Plaza Victoria in London on Monday 21st May 2018.

LINX Publishes 2017 Annual Report

By | LINX News

London Internet Exchange (LINX) has published its 2017 annual report online ahead of its annual general meeting on 22nd May 2018.

The new document features a welcomeLINX Annual Report 2017 cover message from LINX Chairman Murray Steele. Mr Steele reiterates LINX’s pledge to provide an exchange platform that meets members’ high expectations for both reliability and performance. He noted how this had been reflected both in member satisfaction surveys and performance indicators such as member numbers and traffic volumes.

“I am ever conscious that LINX is organised around the principle that the membership is central to everything we do, with a fundamental commitment to the concept of mutuality and the commercial and strategic trust that builds. That means our members can have confidence in LINX as a business partner, so essential when we are a long-term part of your infrastructure strategy.”

Murray Steele, LINX Chairman

Network Stability and Investment

Overall 2017 was a year of stability and investment for LINX, both in terms of operational stability and the range of member services. Investment was focussed on improving internal efficiency, new automated configuration management systems while preparing for a future disaggregated model on LON2 network in London.

There were some notable successes throughout the year. LINX connected its one hundredth 100GE port, exceding 800 connected ASNs and passed one thousand 10GE ports in use across all exchanges. In addition a new product, Bi-Directional Optical Transceivers, was launched at the LINX Manchester exchange which is set to be rolled out across other sites in the coming months.

Internet Governance

Malcolm Hutty, LINX’s Head of Public Affairs, addressed global Internet governance and domestic and European policy in the governance section of the report. Brexit continued to dominate thinking in policy-making circles, perhaps distracting government from bringing forward many substantial new legislative initiatives. For LINX, the most important regulatory developments were the Network Information Security Directive and preparations for the implementation of the General Data Protection Regulation.

In summary LINX Chief Executive Officer, John Souter, reflected on a strong 12 months for the exchange but also looked ahead to the future.

“As I look to 2018, I expect to report much more visible changes, when our investment in our partnership with EdgeCore and IP Infusion pays off and we deploy a fully disaggregated exchange on LON2. In the meantime, we can be very satisfied that in 2017 LINX has done what it does best, quietly delivering increasing performance and value for members.”

John Souter, LINX Chief Executive Officer

LINX101 Member Conference and AGM

Printed copies of the 2017 annual report will initially be available at the LINX101 conference and AGM on the 21st and 22nd May. For those unable to attend this event the report will also be mailed out with the next edition of LINX’s news magazine, HotLINX, in July.

Download LINX 2017 Annual Report

The London Internet Exchange to Deploy IP Infusion’s OcNOS™ Network Operating System in New London Interconnect Platform

By | LINX News

OcNOS running on Edgecore Networks switches, powered by Broadcom Tomahawk, enables migration to 100G services for one of the world’s largest Internet exchanges

IP Infusion, a leading provider of disaggregated networking solutions and intelligent network software, today announced that London Internet Exchange (LINX) deployed IP Infusion’s OcNOS™ network operating system in their secondary London interconnect platform (LON2).

LINX, one of the largest operators of Internet Exchange Point (IXP) services connecting over 820 networks in over 75 countries, is the first IXP in the world to adopt a disaggregated model that employs EVPN over VXLAN, leaf-spine topology, full automation and is 100G ready to deliver reduced total cost of ownership and bring greater levels of service quality to their customers.

LINX is confirming that they have deployed the OcNOS network operating software on open network switches from Edgecore Networks – AS7712-32X 100 GbE and AS5812-54X 10 GbE based on Broadcom Tomahawk and Trident II+ silicon respectively – to build the disaggregated model for their LON2 network. The member migrations to LON2 are in progress and are expected to be completed in June.

“As a result of our extensive testing, we are moving forward with the OcNOS network operating system for our disaggregated platform to allow LINX to deliver the latest technologies of OcNOS from IP Infusion and open network switches from Edgecore Networks,” said Richard Petrie, LINX CTO.

OcNOS now supports a highly scalable 100G interconnection fabric for connecting multiple distributed locations. The solution uses control plane learning using EVPN, network segmentation and virtualization using VXLAN, multihoming for redundancy, ACL/QoS policies for fine grained control of member traffic, support for sFlow and management automation.

“The OcNOS and Edgecore switch solution helped LINX to migrate their LON2 network and provided a key validation of the disaggregated model for mission-critical applications,” said Atsushi Ogata, CEO and president of IP Infusion. “This validated solution can be adopted by other internet exchange providers who are looking to upgrade their existing networks as well as for data centre interconnect use cases to adopt acceleration of disaggregated network.”

“Edgecore Networks continues to be a dedicated partner with LINX as they deploy their new open disaggregated networking solution,” said George Tchaparian, CEO, Edgecore Networks. “With Edgecore’s open network switches and IP Infusion’s robust, high function NOS, LINX will now be delivering more services, at lower costs, with the flexibility of an open network architecture at 100G.”


About Edgecore Networks

 Edgecore Networks Corporation is a wholly owned subsidiary of Accton Technology Corporation, the leading network ODM. Edgecore Networks delivers wired and wireless networking products and solutions through channel partners and system integrators worldwide for the Data Center, Service Provider, Enterprise and SMB customers.  Edgecore Networks is the leader in open networking providing a full line of open WiFi access points, packet transponders, virtual PON OLTs, and 1G, 10G, 25G, 40G, and 100G OCP-ACCEPTEDTM switches that offer choice of commercial and open source NOS and SDN software. For more information, visit

About IP Infusion

IP Infusion, the leader in disaggregated networking solutions, delivers enterprise and carrier-grade software solutions allowing network operators to reduce network costs, increase flexibility, and to deploy new features and services quickly. IP Infusion’s OcNOS, the industry’s first enterprise and carrier-grade network operating system for Open Compute hardware, allows for easier implementation of large-scale IT networks, and offers customers white box solutions to deploy more quickly. VirNOS, a NFV-based software platform, provides a carriers and enterprises with a cost-effective network OS approach to implement and manage their networking services. With the OcNOS and VirNOS network operating systems, both powered by ZebOS, IP Infusion offers network operators, carriers, and enterprises with the physical and virtual software solutions they need to achieve the disaggregated networking model. Over 300 customers worldwide, including major networking equipment manufacturers, use IP Infusion’s respected ZebOS platform to build networks to address the evolving needs of cloud, carrier and mobile networking. IP Infusion is headquartered in Santa Clara, Calif., and is a wholly owned and independently operated subsidiary of ACCESS CO., LTD. Additional information can be found at

IP Infusion, ZebOS, VirNOS and OcNOS are trademarks or registered trademarks of IP Infusion. All other trademarks, service marks, registered trademarks, or registered service marks mentioned are the property of their respective owners.

ICANN protects .home, .mail and .corp from registration

By | DNS, Internet Governance, News

ICANN has announced that it will not delegate new top-level domains .home, mail and .corp, effectively turning these domains into reserved strings. The move acts to protect organisations that already use these domains to indicate IT resources on their own local network.

These three domains have been found to have been widely used by organisations for internal use, even though they are not available from ICANN.Numerous representations have been made to ICANN that delegating these domains would cause “string collision”, including by ICANN’s own Security and Stability Advisory Committee. String collision occurs when the same domain is used by different parties, recognised by different DNS resolver trees, meaning that the user may not be directed to the resource they expect. This can pose a risk of phishing fraud. String collision is normally considered a risk of a split DNS root (i.e. someone trying to usurp ICANN’s job), but can also occur when individual organisations make “private” use of an unregistered domain on their own network.

For example, if .corp were available for registrations then someone that registered fileserver.corp might receive traffic that users expected to go to a fileserver on their own corporate network – a clear security risk. By preventing these top level domains being delegated, ICANN has removed that threat from corporate networks already making use of them.

Government conclusions on NIS implementation

By | News, Security

The UK Department for Digital, Culture, Media & Sport (DCMS) has published its response to the replies it received to last year’s public consultation on implementation of the Network Information Security Directive (NIS-D). Finding broad support from responders for its proposed approach, it intends to press ahead largely unchanged, but with altered thresholds and adjustments to the penalty regime.

In regard to Internet Exchange Points, the government has dropped port capacity as the criterion for identifying essential services; any particular threshold would quickly have become out of date. Instead, the qualifying criteria will be based market share and routing table coverage. An IXP operator will qualify as an essential service if it has:

  • “50% or more annual market share amongst UK IXP Operators in terms of interconnected autonomous systems”, or if it
  •  “offer[s] interconnectivity to 50% or more of Global Internet routes”

The thresholds for DNS providers have also been changed

  • Operators of TLD registries will qualify as operators of essential services if they service an average of 2 billion queries or more per day (threshold unchanged);
  • Operators of DNS resolvers will qualify as operators of essential services if they service an average of 2 million DNS clients per day (changed from 60 million DNS queries per day). Moreover, only resolvers for publicly accessibly services will count, which may exclude some public and academic sector operators.
  • Additionally, operators of authoritative DNS hosting will also be brought into scope of NIS-D, for operators who host 250,000 domain names or more, again for public services.

The penalty regime has been simplified as a straightforward maximum fine of £17 million. This replaces a two-tier structure of up to €20 million or 4% of global turnover for failure to implement appropriate security measures, and €10million or 2% of global turnover for other offences. For many, but not all, of the affected businesses this will be a reduction in their exposure.

Another change is that incident reporting will be viewed as a compliance operation, for the operator to register the existence of a security incident with the regulator, separate from incident response. This is intended to protect the existing co-operative relationship operators have with the National Cyber Security Centre and other government protective services.

The government has also made adjustments to the draft “high level security principles” with which operators will be required to comply, in some cases so as to make the expectation more specifically require a good outcome, rather than merely a good process.

The government has confirmed that it will proceed with the approach of using sector-specific regulators as the regulator for NIS-D, resulting in having multiple “Competent Authorities”. This was broadly welcomed by affected businesses. Accordingly, the NIS-D regulator for Digitial infrastructure (IXPs and DNS providers) will be Ofcom.

ECJ to rule on whether Facebook must actively seek out hate speech

By | Content Issues, News

The Austrian Supreme Court has asked the European Court of Justice to rule on whether Facebook should actively search for hate speech posted by users.  The original lawsuit against Facebook was filed by Eva Glawischnig, the former leader of the Austrian Green Party, in 2016, after Facebook refused to take down what she claimed were defamatory postings about her.

Last year, an Austrian appeals court ruled in favour of Glawischnig, ordering Facebook to remove the hate speech postings – both the original posts and any verbatim repostings of the same comments – not just in Austria but worldwide. The Austrian Supreme Court has asked the ECJ to look at two issues: 1. Whether Facebook needs to actively look for similar posts, instead of just reposts, and 2. Whether such content needs to be removed globally.

The case comes amidst concerted pressure in Europe for social media platforms to do more to tackle hate speech. A new hate speech law in Germany, known as the network enforcement act, requires companies to remove or block criminal content within 24 hours, or seven days for complex cases, of it being reported. The law has already attracted controversy, despite only being actively enforced since 1 January 2018, after Twitter deleted a post by the German justice minister, Heiko Maas, dating back to 2010 before he was appointed to the role, calling a fellow politician “an idiot”. Twitter has also deleted anti-Muslim and anti-migrant posts by the far-right Alternative for Germany (AfD) party and blocked a satirical magazine’s account after it parodied the AfD’s anti-Muslim comments. The German Government has said that an evaluation will be carried out within six months to examine how well the new law is working.

Meanwhile, the European Commission has kept up the pressure on tech companies calling for them “to step up and speed up their efforts to tackle these threats quickly and comprehensively” and reiterating that it would “if necessary, propose legislation to complement the existing regulatory framework.”

New LINX Bi-Di Optical Transceiver Product Goes LIVE as First Connexions Partner Upgrades

By | LINX News
Back in April 2017, The London Internet Exchange announced the availability of a new fibre product in the form of Bi-Directional Optical Transceivers, at their regional exchange IXManchester.
LINX member, reseller partner and data centre operator, TeleData, were keen to announce to fellow peers at the exchange last week, that they had successfully upgraded their 10G port to the new Bi-Di optic, being the first member at the exchange to do so.  As a LINX Connexions Partner, this upgrade immediately enables customers at their own data centre, Delta House in Manchester, to take LINX connections with greater capacity and it has also allowed an additional connection utilising fibres already in place, removing the need for extra cross connects.Matthew Edgley, Commercial Director of TeleData says:“The main thing for us and the customer was being able to provision an additional high capacity LINX port from our data centre, without expensive third-party cross connect fees that are charged to connect into the core LINX PoP at the other end; which could have made the customer connection cost prohibitive.  We provided the customer’s cross connect at TeleData free of charge as we’d rather promote and enable LINX connections and member expansion from our data centre, than put cost barriers in the way.”

“We hope this will encourage more potential LINX members to see the advantages and join the exchange via a Connexions partner and data centres such as ours.”

When joining LINX, most members connect using a fibre pair or cross connect. One fibre is dedicated to receiving data from network equipment and the other fibre will be dedicated to transmitting data to the network. The new product, Bi-Directional Optical Transceivers (or Bi-Di transceivers for short) allows both the transmitting and receiving of data on a single fibre resulting in the benefit of reduced interconnect cost for the member, whilst doubling the capacity of each cross connect.

TeleData customer and LINX member Boundless were the first to use the new Bi-Di optical link at their IXManchester location, Williams House, and have successfully migrated their peering over.

Chris Bewley, Technical Director from Boundless says:

“The use of Bi-Di transceivers has enabled us to take a new 10G port at IXManchester, giving us future regional peering capacity as we continue to grow our network. Previously, the cost of third-party cross connect fees at Williams House would have been prohibitive to us taking the new port in IXManchester.”

“The order process was straight forward and we are seeing good, stable connectivity to the exchange from our equipment in TeleData.”

LINX’s Bi-Directional Optical Transceiver service is currently only available at IXManchester, however, there is an expectation that this product will be rolled out to all LINX exchanges, including both London LANs, in the future.

For further information please email the LINX Member Relations team.

UK Government to set up new unit to tackle fake news

By | Content Issues, News

The UK government has announced that it will set up a new unit to counter “fake news” and disinformation. The government said that the “dedicated national security communications unit”, which is already being dubbed the “Ministry of Truth”, would be charged with “combating disinformation by state actors and others”. As yet, there is no further information on where the unit will be based or who will staff it.

The Digital, Culture, Media and Sport Committee is currently carrying out an inquiry into “fake news” and has requested information from Facebook and Twitter including on Russian activity during the EU referendum campaign.

IPO launches copyright lessons for seven-year olds

By | Content Issues, News

The UK’s Intellectual Property Office (IPO) has launched a new campaign to teach children about online copyright infringement. In a bid to make intellectual property “fun”, the IPO has produced a range of teaching materials for seven- to 11-year-olds, which centres on a series of cartoons following the adventures of Nancy and the Meerkats.

According to the BBC:

The five-minute cartoons tell the story of would-be pop star Nancy, a French bulldog, who battles her ideas-stealing, feline nemesis, Kitty Perry, and teaches friends, including Justin Beaver and a rather dim Welsh sheep called Ed Shearling, about the importance of choosing an original band name and registering it as a trademark.

The IPO, which believes learning to “respect” copyrights and trademarks is a “key life skill”, is spending £20,000 on the campaign, which is part-funded by the UK music industry.

New Partnership for Angola Cables and LINX

By | LINX News
Wholesale carrier Angola Cables has launched a remote peering service to improve the connectivity between the peering community at The London Internet Exchange (LINX) and the peering members at its own Internet exchange point.
Angola Cables is a partner in the development of data centers in Luanda and Fortaleza, Brazil, and in the building of the South Atlantic Cable System (SACS) undersea cable, the first direct subsea link between Africa and South America in the southern hemisphere.Earlier this month, Angola Cables confirmed progress in construction of the 6,500-km undersea cable with an official launch in Sangano, Angola (see “Angola Cables announces launch of South Atlantic Cable System”). When finished, the SACS will position Angola Cables as a global interconnection provider by linking to Angola Cable’s European system and eventually to the Middle and Far East.”Peering at LINX in London and offering a remote peering service is part of the ongoing development of our network to ensure that our customers and partners have access to the latest communication technology and retain us as their ideal partner for international connectivity and high-quality Internet services,” said Darwin Costa, Angola Cables Product Manager.

“Since joining LINX peering community as one of the first exchange points, we have seen a more than threefold increase in traffic. We anticipate gaining new remote peering customers from across Africa and also from South America, once the South Atlantic Cable System is complete.”

The London Internet Exchange (LINX) is one of the largest Internet exchanges in the world, connecting over 825 member ASNs from over 75 countries around the globe. They are located in 10 PoPs across the UK capital along with regional exchanges in Wales, Manchester and Scotland. LINX also operates an Internet exchange in the Ashburn metro area in the US just outside Washington DC, LINX NoVA.

Jennifer Holmes, Head of Sales at LINX said; “We are delighted to welcome Angola Cables as our newest reseller partner and are looking forward to a long and successful partnership with them. This arrangement will provide African networks with a cost-effective and convenient method of connecting to LINX and enables them to enjoy the many benefits that peering in London has to offer.”