Open Nav

Understanding BGP and Empowering Your Network Performance with Peering

In the vast ecosystem of networking technologies, one acronym that reigns supreme is BGP, Border Gateway Protocol.

While it might sound like jargon reserved for engineers, understanding BGP is crucial for anyone navigating the complexities of network routing and infrastructure.


What is BGP?

BGP is a routing protocol used to facilitate communication between different autonomous systems numbers (ASNs) on the internet. Think of it as the postal service of the internet, ensuring that data packets are delivered efficiently and accurately, network to network. Unlike internal routing protocols like OSPF or EIGRP, which manage routing within a single network, BGP manages the routing between multiple networks, making it an essential process for internet service providers (ISPs) and content delivery networks (CDNs).


Please accept marketing-cookies to watch this video.

How Does BGP Work?

BGP operates by exchanging routing information belonging to different autonomous systems. Unlike traditional routing protocols that prioritise the shortest path, BGP allows for more nuanced routing decisions, enabling administrators to implement sophisticated traffic engineering strategies. Engineers can take control of their network routing and determine the best paths for data to travel based on various metrics such as network policies, traffic load, and link reliability.


Please accept marketing-cookies to watch this video.


Internet Peering and Network Performance

One of the most significant applications of BGP is in internet peering, the process by which different networks interconnect to exchange traffic, often at Internet Exchange Points (IXPs). Peering allows networks to exchange data directly rather than routing it through third-party providers, resulting in faster and more efficient data transmission. BGP plays a crucial role in internet peering by enabling networks to establish and manage peering relationships, negotiate traffic exchange agreements, and optimise routing paths for improved performance.

Please accept marketing-cookies to watch this video.


The benefits of using BGP for peering;

  • Reduced Latency: By exchanging traffic directly with other networks, organisations can minimize the number of hops data packets must traverse, resulting in lower latency and faster response times for end-users.
  • Improved Reliability: Internet peering allows organisations to establish redundant connectivity with multiple peers, reducing the risk of network outages and improving overall reliability.
  • Cost Savings: Peering agreements often involve reciprocal traffic exchange arrangements, enabling organizations to reduce their reliance on expensive transit providers and lower their overall network costs.
  • Enhanced Control: BGP provides organisations with more control over how traffic is routed, allowing them to implement traffic engineering policies to optimise performance and prioritize critical applications.


< Go Back

Read More

11th March 2024

Understanding Latency: The Crucial Factor in Network Performance

By Lynsey Buckingham

In the world of networking, latency reigns as a critical metric that can make or break the experience for...

Read More
5th February 2024

The Importance of NTP in Peering and Internet Exchange Points

By Lynsey Buckingham

In the vast and interconnected world of the internet, precise timekeeping is not merely a convenience but a critical...

Read More
16th January 2024

Unleashing the Power of Colocation

By Lynsey Buckingham

What is Colocation? Colocation, often referred to as “colo,” involves the housing of private servers and networking equipment in...

Read More
Website by Echo