Global Subsea Resurgence: Virginia Beach 0 – 4 in 18 Months

By | International, LINX News, News

Subsea Cables have been growing at an astounding rate of 40% CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate). Last couple of years have seen a major resurgence in the subsea projects globally. These cables are so crucial to the digital economy, that close to $10 Trillion in transactions takes place each day on these cables globally. There are approximately 448 submarine cables in service globally (as of Sep 2018), representing about 1.2 Million kms of trans-oceanic cable deployed under water around the world. The astronomical growth in demand for capacity on these cables is driven by the growth in – data generation by all of us as users, the appetite for data consumption and ‘digital everything’ phenomena taking place around us.

This resurgence in the subsea industry, has led to the formation of many successful new subsea companies, that we like to refer to as the ‘New Age Subsea Companies’ such as – Aqua Comms, Crosslake Fiber, Deep Blue Cable, Indian Ocean Xchange (IOX), Seaborn Networks, South Atlantic Express (SAEx) to name a few. There are multiple subsea projects underway by these companies in various stages of development spanning the globe and connecting various continents together.

The content providers and over-the-top (OTT) companies have also been investing significantly in the subsea cable systems. The number of cable systems that content providers and OTTs have invested in are – Amazon (3), Facebook (10), Google (14), Microsoft (4). This represents a major paradigm shift in the industry wherein earlier a large number of [international] consortiums (at times 15-20 companies) were formed to fund and implement a subsea cable system. Compare that to the present time, when you have much smaller consortiums (typically 2-3 companies), and at times one single company owning, funding and operating the entire system end-to-end. It costs anywhere from $300-$500M to design and build one subsea cable system. Various complex steps are involved in the lifecycle including – marine survey, desktop study, feasibility analysis, permitting, licensing and various other international legal matters. The lifespan of a subsea cable is ~25 years. Several subsea systems across the Atlantic are nearing their EOL, and this coupled with the exploding demand for capacity together have been the macro driving forces behind the resurgence taking place around us in the subsea industry.

The Virginia Beach Success Story
Virginia Beach has experienced unprecedented success in attracting new subsea fiber cable landings on its shores. In the last ~18-20 months or so the City of Virginia Beach has gone from having 0 subsea cables to 4. These 4 subsea cables are in various stages of development as we speak and will provide a direct and fast connection to different countries and continents of the world. This is a significant development for the state of Virginia, which is the #1 data center market in the world and has ~70% of the world’s Internet traffic passing through the state.

These subsea fiber cables that connect Virginia shoreline to various parts of the world, are extremely crucial to the digital economy and our ever-so-digital lives. By virtue of these cables spanning thousands of kilometers across the Atlantic Ocean, the State of Virginia will have direct, low-latency and high-capacity connectivity to various parts of the world including:

  1. Bilbao, Spain                         MAREA             8 fiber pairs      6600 kms          Operational
  2. Rio De Janeiro, Brazil            BRUSA             6 fiber pairs      4000 kms          Operational
    (with BUs to Puerto Rico, San Juan & Fortaleza, Brazil)
  3. Cape Town, South Africa        SAEx1              6 fiber pairs      13,300 kms       Development
    (with BUs to Fortaleza, Brazil, Ascension, St. Helena)Singapore (from Cape Town)      SAEx2           6 fiber pairs      11,800 kms       Development
    (with BUs to Mtunzini, South Africa, Madagascar, Mauritius, Chennai, India)
  4. French Atlantic Coast, France DUNANT           4 fiber pairs      5000 kms          Development

MAREA is co-owned by Microsoft, Facebook and Telxius, and BRUSA is fully owned by Telxius. These two cables are operational and land at Telxius CLS in Virginia Beach. The SAEx system, comprises of two segments SAEx1 and SAEx2. SAEx1 or South Atlantic Express1 will connect from Virginia Beach to Cape Town, South Africa with Branching Units to Fortaleza, Brazil, Ascension and Saint Helena. SAEx2 or South Asia Express2 will head eastward from Cape Town, South Africa to Singapore with Branching Units to Mtunzini, South Africa, Madagascar, Mauritius and Chennai, India. In essence, SAEx (comprising of SAEx1 and SAEx2) will provide a diverse new route connecting four continents together – North America, South America, Africa and Asia. The system will avoid existing choke points, avoid seismic hazards and ultimately reduce the latency between Asia and Americas and between Asia and Africa.  The fourth system announced in DUNANT, which is owned by Google, and will be connecting to the French Atlantic Coast with a partnership with Orange.

The two operational cables – MAREA and BRUSA, both land at Camp Pendelton, a US military reserve facility in Virginia Beach. The City of Virginia Beach along with the Virginia Beach Development Authority (VBDA) is evaluating a second alternative and diverse landing point for subsea cables at Sandbridge Beach. These cables when fully built and operational, will collectively be interconnecting four continents – North America, South America, Africa and Europe – thereby making Virginia Beach at the Confluence of four Continents. Additionally, there are a few other subsea projects that are under various stages of consideration in the subsea industry to land in Virginia Beach.

The City of Virginia Beach has been proactively and diligently working with the industry to make it easy, cost-effective and faster to bring new subsea cables to the port city also now known as the “Digital Port”. Some key initiatives underway by the City of Virginia Beach include –

  • Reducing the tax rate for data center equipment to $0.40 per $100 of assessed value with a depreciation schedule of 40 percent of original cost for the first three years. The depreciation rate for year four is 30 percent and for year five and forward is 15 percent
  • Streamlining the permitting process for cable landings
  • Pursuing establishment of cable protection zones
  • Identifying alternative landing point at Sandbridge to Corporate Landing
  • Improving city’s conduit infrastructure in Corporate Landing
  • Available Dominion Energy-certified data center sites – Owned by the City of Virginia Beach Development Authority, Corporate Landing Business Park consists of 325 acres of land, of which 160 acres are “shovel ready” and available for development

Summary

The Subsea cables provide the vital backbone of the global Digital Economy. Global Subsea Resurgence will continue for at least the next 3-5 years. Diverse landing points and new business models will continue to take the center stage in this growth driving additional bandwidth capacity under the oceans. The subsea industry will be working more and more closer with the terrestrial fiber industry and the data center industry thus enabling the natural convergence of subsea fiber, terrestrial fiber and data centers.

Vinay Nagpal, President of InterGlobix joined us at LINX102, watch his presentation in full here;

Thanks to our guest authors:

Vinay Nagpal

President, InterGlobix

vinay@interglobix.com

Rob Hudome

Senior Project Development Mgr., City of Virginia Beach

rhudome@vbgov.com

Internet Exchange Operators LINX and STC Establish Strategic Partnership

By | LINX News

London Internet Exchange (LINX) and Saudi Telecom Company (STC), on December 7th 2018 marked the start of JED-IX driven by LINX, an Internet exchange in Jeddah (JED-IX), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA).

John Souter, CEO of LINX, said: “JED-IX driven by LINX is a real step forward for the Internet community in Saudi and the GCC as a whole. The exchange will allow networks to stop ‘tromboning’ traffic to London and back again, and will help increase resilience by creating a new centre for interconnection in the KSA.”

Kurt Erik Lindqvist, CMO of LINX announced, “The new partnership between LINX and STC forms an exciting milestone in the expansion of LINX global presence and builds on LINX’s aim of ‘Working for the Good of the Internet’ globally.

LINX, one of the world’s largest Internet Exchanges, based in London, UK, has provided the expertise and will support the operation of JED-IX driven by LINX going forward. JED-IX is a neutral Internet traffic exchange platform that interconnects global networks and, above all, network operators and content providers in the GCC region. The JED-IX is built on a fully redundant switching platform located in a neutral secure STC datacenter in Jeddah.

Alan Whelan, VP of STC Wholesale, commented – “STC’s ambition is to develop JED-IX into the leading internet and data hub in the MENA region. In LINX we have a global leading IX partner who will help accelerate the delivery of this ambition and create a thriving interconnection eco system in the Kingdom”

STC, Saudi’s incumbent operator and the largest operator in the MENA region, is pleased to announce its new partnership with LINX, as part of its initiative to deliver on its mandate to establish Saudi Arabia as the key Hub for telecoms connectivity, in the MENA region, as part of the Saudi Vision 2030.

Bringing Asia That Bit Closer: Japan IX and LINX Celebrate New Partnership

By | LINX News

The London Internet Exchange (LINX) are pleased to announce a new partnership with the Japan Internet Exchange (JPIX), as they join LINX’s IXP Reseller Partner Programme.

LINX launched their IXP Reseller Programme back in 2017 when they welcomed Italian IX NaMeX to the LINX partner programme. The idea of the programme is to work collaboratively with fellow exchanges, which in turn, strengthens LINX’s overall ethos of ‘Working for the Good of the Internet’.

LINX has noticed a significant increase in members joining and peering from the APAC region since 2016. Reasons behind this include the growing interest in London as a global hub for peering, particularly for new and emerging segments such as finance, retail and enterprise. Transport costs for networks trying to reach the UK are falling, making London an attractive place to interconnect and peer.

LINX CMO, Kurtis Lindqvist says;

“We are pleased to be partnering with JPIX. This is a positive and natural move for LINX, following the increased interest and demand from networks in Asia wanting to connect and peer in London. We are excited for what the future holds!”

The new partnership will allow JPIX’s customers to connect directly to LINX’s LON1 peering platform in London via a sole carrier partner. The connection will be ordered and managed by JPIX, making it as simple as possible for their customers to connect to LINX. It’s simply an additional service the customer can take advantage of.

JPIX are excited to be the first IX in the APAC region to offer this service to their existing customers. Ryosuke Yamazoe, CEO of JPIX says;

“We have been in discussions for a partnership with LINX for quite some time and the members of JPIX have looked forward to peering with the members of LINX via the JPIX platform.”

“Users of JPIX, on the average, can achieve 60-70% peering of their overall traffic, but with the capability to interconnect with the LINX members, we believe that 80% of the overall traffic can be delivered directly, resulting in higher quality & lower delivery costs contributing to the overall efficiency to the business of our members. Through this partnership with LINX, JPIX and LINX will continue in collaborating and creating industry best solutions to the benefit of our mutual members.”

LINX is the largest, solely member-owned Internet exchange in the world, with over 850 member ASNs connected to date. LINX members have the opportunity to reach approximately 80% of the global Internet, making it an increasingly key location for networks to meet and exchange traffic.

For more information on this new partnership or future LINX projects check out www.linx.net or contact a member of the team via marketing@linx.net

 

Ends

 

Notes to Editors:

 

About London Internet Exchange (LINX)

The London Internet Exchange (LINX) is one of the largest Internet exchanges in the world, connecting over 850 member ASNs from 80 countries around the globe. LINX continues to expand their London presence with 16 locations across London along with regional exchanges in Wales, Manchester and Scotland. LINX also operates an Internet exchange in the Ashburn metro area in the US just outside Washington DC.

 

About JPIX

Since JPIX was established in July 1997 as the first commercial IX in Japan, they have provided IX service from a neutral standpoint. They currently offer IX port service in Nagoya and Osaka, in addition to the Tokyo metropolitan area, customers in other regions can peer locally without having to longer to arrange for a circuit from their premises to Tokyo as in the past.

By having IXs in multiple regions, it also becomes possible to use them to secure backup routes in the event of a large-scale disaster. Fiber switches provide complete redundancy for the IX equipment, and the impact of an unlikely equipment failure is kept to a minimum by automatically switching to backup equipment.

The maximum volume of traffic flowing through JPIX’s IXs exceeded 1Tbps as of March 2018. With about 190 member companies, the most of any IX in Japan, JPIX play a vital role as the core of Japan’s Internet.

LINX Announce New Year Port Fee Reductions of 15% on its two London LANs and at US exchange LINX NoVA

By | LINX News

LINX Announce New Year Port Fee Reductions of 15% on its two London LANs and at US exchange LINX NoVA

LINX, the London Internet Exchange, have committed to significantly reducing 10GE and 100GE port fees on its LON1 and LON2 networks in London, and at its regional exchange LINX NoVA in Northern Virginia, USA. This was ratified by a vote by LINX members at an Extraordinary General Meeting in London on the 20th November.

As of 1st January 2019 prices on selected port sizes will be cut by 15%. On LON1 10GE fees will drop to £638 per month with 100GE ports priced at only £3596 over the same period. Meanwhile, the recently upgraded LON2 platform has new monthly fees of £360 for 10GE and £2277 for the 100GE port option.

Also taking effect in January is the end of promotional traffic based billing at LINX NoVA. The 15% cut will price 10GE ports at NoVA at an attractive US$425 while 100GE will be as little as US$2720.

LINX CEO, John Souter, said: “We are delighted to be able to offer these price reductions for our members. It continues our long-standing policy of driving down costs which has seen fees reduced year-on-year for more than a decade. There’s never been a better time to connect to LINX.”

Pricing at LINX’s UK regional exchanges LINX Manchester, LINX Scotland and LINX Cardiff all remain unchanged for 2019. However, these still include the free 1GE port connection that comes as part of the annual £1200 membership fee.

LINX’s current pricing structure can be viewed on the LINX website

Service Fees

About the London Internet Exchange (LINX)

The London Internet Exchange (LINX) is one of the largest Internet exchanges in the world, connecting over 850 member ASNs from 80 countries around the globe. LINX continues to expand their London presence with 16 locations across London along with regional exchanges in Wales, Manchester and Scotland. LINX also operates an Internet exchange in the Ashburn metro area in the US just outside Washington DC.

Webcast facility offers remote access to LINX member conferences

By | LINX News

LINX has been webcasting its member meetings for 15 years since LINX41 in May 2003. The service, which is provided by LINX member Bogons, is an excellent way for LINX’s global membership to follow conference proceedings if they are unable to make the event in person.

LINX member conferences include operational and networking presentation, guest speakers, member technical talks and the latest updates on regulatory issues. The video below gives you a flavour of how these events can be seen by viewers.

The next event to be webcast is LINX103 which will take place at the Park Plaza Victoria, in London on Monday 19th and Tuesday 20th November. Members can watch the live webcast on the day via the LINX member portal.

To access the live stream please click on the Member drop down at the top of the page and click on the Portal option. The webcast link can be found in the Events section. The direct link to the webcast facility is below but requires member authentication to be able to view the live stream.

Member Webcast

If you are a LINX member and do not have a log-in please contact our Member Relations team.

2018 LINX membership survey

By | LINX News

The 2018 annual LINX membership survey has now closed.

Text updated on 5th November 2018

As per previous years we were grateful for members’ cooperation in providing frank and honest answers to the selection of questions regarding LINX operations and the exchange’s position in the marketplace.

It’s important for us to understand how members feel LINX is performing in all aspects of our work, and where members think there is room for improvement. We can then consider your responses to help model future plans and developments.

New for 2018

For completing this survey members had the chance to win a Nintendo Switch Console with 2 x games (Sonic Forces & Mario Kart), Joy-Con Wheel and Memory Card. We accepted one response from each membership with the first response from each member was recognised for the survey.

If you have any queries about the questions, please email Member Relations or call us on +44 1733 207777

LINX Join the MANRS IXP Programme

By | Internet Governance, LINX Governance, LINX News, News

Today the London Internet Exchange announced that it has joined the MANRS IXP Programme and will be supporting the MANRS initiative.

MANRS (Mutually Agreed Norms for Routing Security) was created by members of the network operator community as an initiative to promote good practices in routing security. Weaknesses in routing security can lead to route leaks, IP address spoofing and even route hijacks, facilitating DDoS, traffic inspection and other security breaches. MANRS provides crucial fixes to reduce the most common routing threats.

MANRS Actions outline simple but concrete actions network operators should take. Internet Exchange Points (IXPs) are important partners in the MANRS community. The MANRS Actions were initially designed for network operators, but IXPs can serve as a collaborative focal point to discuss and promote routing security. To address the unique needs and concerns of IXPs, the community created a related but separate set of MANRS actions for participating IXPs.

Malcolm Hutty, Head of Public Affairs at LINX says;

“MANRS is an important initiative for promoting best practices for routing security. LINX is pleased to support it, and to encourage others to follow its guidance, for all our protection”

Andrei Robachevsky from ISOC, which provides organisational support for the MANRS programme, will be presenting at the forthcoming LINX102 member event in Manchester next week.

For more information, please refer to the MANRS website www.manrs.org or contact publicaffairs@linx.net

Migration of LINX’s LON2 Network to disaggregated model now complete

By | LINX News

The London Internet Exchange (LINX) have completed the migration phase of its LON2 network architecture refresh, a radical solution which uses EVPN routing technology and open network hardware.

In this video LINX Chief Technology Officer, Richard Petrie, and LINX Lead Architect, Flemming Heino, explains how long has the migration process took, what infrastructure changes have been made to the LON2 network and how it differs from other Internet exchanges.

Richard also covers what this new approach could mean for the LON1 platform while Flemming adds a few final thoughts on the project now that the migration has been completed.

Read more about the LON2 migration project

LINX awarded Best Internet Exchange Operator of the Year at 2018 Carrier Community Global awards

By | LINX News

LINX has been presented with the Best Internet Exchange Operator of the Year award 2018 at the Carrier Community Global awards in Berlin.

Carrier Community Global Awards 2018 - Best IXP

Independently judged by a panel of telecoms analysts and industry experts, the CC-Global Awards are Carrier Community’s official recognition of innovative achievements among the telecom wholesale operators, both regionally and globally.

The Best Internet Exchange Operator of the Year category seeks to recognise IX-operators who have shown high levels of network innovation and creativity with their service offering. LINX CMO Kurtis Lindqvist was on hand to receive the prize at a special ceremony at the Central and Eastern Europe “CEE” 2018 GCCM event on the 18th June.

“It was a great honour to accept this award on behalf LINX and comes at a very exciting time for the exchange,” said Lindqvist. “We have just completed the migration phase of our LON2 platform in London using a radical new disaggregated network model using EVPN routing technology on open network hardware.”

“We feel that this award is recognition of our long-standing commitment to delivering long-term innovative technology to our members, as well as increased levels of service quality that allows us to provide services at a greatly reduced cost.”

The GCCM Awards were introduced by Wida Schmidt, CEO at Carrier Community, and moderated by Erik van Stokkom from VS Consulting with Viktoria Mincheva from Leixico. Many leading telecom companies were nominated for the 30 different award categories.

World first as LINX completes migration to new disaggregated LON2 network model using EVPN routing technology on open network hardware

By | LINX News

The London Internet Exchange (LINX) have announced that it has completed the migration of its LON2 platform to a new disaggregated network model that uses EVPN technology, the first IXP anywhere in the World to do so.

The new LON2 architecture employs EVPN over VXLAN, leaf-spine topology, full automation and is 100G ready. The solution, which uses IP Infusion’s OcNOS™ network operating system and switch hardware from Edgecore Networks, became fully operational on 5th June following an extensive testing, proof of concept, and migration process lasting nearly two years.

 “By introducing a disaggregated platform, LINX members will benefit from increased flexibility plus continued value from their investment,” said Richard Petrie, LINX CTO. “The EVPN technology allows LINX to deliver long-term innovative technology to our members, a commitment to ever-greater levels of service quality and to allow us to provide services at a greatly reduced cost base.”

LINX Lead Architect, Flemming Heino, added, “With EVPN everything is programmed. Switches talk to one another, they are synchronised and ultimately more predictable and stable. The system offers many benefits and the flexibility for more features to be added such as multi-homing.”

George Tchaparian, CEO, Edgecore Networks, said, “There are many operational and cost benefits of the new architecture model and Edgecore are extremely proud to have worked with LINX on this ground-breaking project. We’ve clearly demonstrated that open network systems are ready outside of data centre applications and are viable solutions for mainstream telecom service providers. With our industry proven open networking switches and IP Infusion’s robust, high function NOS, LINX will be able to deliver the flexibility of an open network architecture with additional value-added services at a lower cost.

“Growing network traffic levels are placing great demands on networks such as LINX to deliver new, innovative services at faster rates,” said Atsushi Ogata, President and CEO of IP Infusion. “The OcNOS and Edgecore switch solution has meant that LINX could more easily design and migrate to their disaggregated LON2 network model ensuring it meets the specific and exacting needs of its membership.”

LINX is one of the world’s largest operators of Internet Exchange Point (IXP) services, connecting over 820 networks in over 75 countries. It operates a dual-LAN infrastructure in London with regional exchanges in Manchester, Cardiff and central Scotland. It also operates an exchange in Northern Virginia, USA.

About Edgecore Networks

Edgecore Networks Corporation is a wholly owned subsidiary of Accton Technology Corporation, the leading network ODM.  Edgecore Networks delivers wired and wireless networking products and solutions through channel partners and system integrators worldwide for the Data Center, Service Provider, Enterprise and SMB customers.  Edgecore Networks is the leader in open networking providing a full line of open WiFi access points, packet transponders, virtual PON OLTs, and 1G, 10G, 25G, 40G, and 100G OCP-ACCEPTEDTM switches that offer choice of commercial and open source NOS and SDN software. For more information, visit www.edge-core.com.

About IP Infusion

IP Infusion, the leader in disaggregated networking solutions, delivers enterprise and carrier-grade software solutions allowing network operators to reduce network costs, increase flexibility, and to deploy new features and services quickly. IP Infusion’s OcNOS, the industry’s first enterprise and carrier-grade network operating system for Open Compute hardware, allows for easier implementation of large-scale IT networks, and offers customers white box solutions to deploy more quickly. VirNOS, a NFV-based software platform, provides a carriers and enterprises with a cost-effective network OS approach to implement and manage their networking services. With the OcNOS and VirNOS network operating systems, both powered by ZebOS, IP Infusion offers network operators, carriers, and enterprises with the physical and virtual software solutions they need to achieve the disaggregated networking model. Over 300 customers worldwide, including major networking equipment manufacturers, use IP Infusion’s respected ZebOS platform to build networks to address the evolving needs of cloud, carrier and mobile networking. IP Infusion is headquartered in Santa Clara, Calif., and is a wholly owned and independently operated subsidiary of ACCESS CO., LTD. Additional information can be found at http://www.ipinfusion.com.

IP Infusion, ZebOS, VirNOS and OcNOS are trademarks or registered trademarks of IP Infusion. All other trademarks, service marks, registered trademarks, or registered service marks mentioned are the property of their respective owners.